Central Andes

The Central Andes as a region includes a wide variety of ecosystems between 600 and 5.000 m asl. This Andean range is a “must” for all international listers; at least 22 of the 70 endemics of Colombia occur here, including 12 species which only occur in this region. In addition, some species which are rare in neighbouring countries (such as Masked Saltator, Yellow-headed Manakin, Black-thighed Puffleg, Bicoloured Antpitta and Red-ruffed Fruitcrow) are easier to see in these mountains.


Some of the classic sites in this area are (north to south):

 Piha Reserve: The northern tip of the Central Andes has premontane forest between 1300-1800 m. Ornithologists only recently started to explore this area, resulting in newly described species such as Chestnut-capped Piha, Stiles Tapaculo, and Parker’s Antbird It’s likely that further surprises still await discovery here. This reserve hosts a lot of other specialities too, such as Multicolored Tanager, Red-bellied Grackle, Black-and-gold Tanager, Purplish-mantled Tanager, Golden-breasted Fruiteater, White-mantled Barbet, Rufous-rumped Antwren, Sooty-headed Wren, Grey Seedeater, Chestnut Wood-Quail, Indigo Flowerpiercer, Lanceolated Monklet, Moustached Puffbird and Ornate Hawk Eagle. The reserve also has a nice lodge.

Río Blanco: Classic birding site on the highlands (2200-3500 m). Masked Saltator, Bicolored and Brown-banded Antpittas,  Rusty-faced Parrot,Chestnut Wood-Quail, Rufous-banded Owl, White-throathed Screch Owl, Black-collared Jay, Ocellated Tapaculo, Chestnut-naped, Scaled and slate crown  Antpittas, Golden-faced Whitestart, White capped Tanager, Golden plumed Parakeet, Red Hooded Tanager, Black-eared Hemispingus, Ash Colour Tapaculo, Bar belllid Woodpecker, Tyranyne Woodcreper, Dusky Piha, Citrine Warbler, Flammulated Treehunter and many others. Fantastic Antpitta and hummers feeders.

Río Blanco: A classic birding site in the highlands (2200-3500 m). Masked Saltator, Bicolored and Brown-banded Antpittas, Rusty-faced Parrot, Chestnut Wood-Quail, Rufous-banded Owl, White-throated Screech Owl, Black-collared Jay, Ocellated Tapaculo, Chestnut-naped, Scaled and Slate-crowned Antpittas, Golden-faced Whitestart, White-capped Tanager, Golden-plumed Parakeet, Red-hooded Tanager, Black-eared Hemispingus, Ash-coloured Tapaculo, Bar-bellied Woodpecker, Tyrannine Woodcreeper, Dusky Piha, Citrine Warbler, Flammulated Treehunter and many others are possible. There are antastic antpitta and hummer feeders here too.

Paramo del Ruiz: Montane forest and open paramo between 3200-4000 m. Special birds include Bearded Helmetcrest, Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Andean Pygmy-Owl, White-browed Spinetail, Crowned Chat-Tyrant, Ocellated Tapaculo, Black-thighed Puffleg, Purple-backed Thornbill, Mountain Avocetbill, Rainbow-bearded Hummingbird, Grey-breasted Mountain Toucan, Andean Condor, Golden-crowned Tanager and Black-backed Bush Tanager.

Otun Quimbaya: Multicolored Tanager, Chestnut Wood-Quail, Cauca Guan, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow, Chestnut-breasted Wren, Stile’s Tapaculo, Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet, Variegated Bristle-Tyrant, Moustached Antpitta, Bronze-olive Pigmy Tyrant, Greyish Piculet, Wattled Guan,  Colombian Screch Owl and many others.

Ibague area: Secondary growth and bamboo between 1400-2700 m. Blossomcrown, Tolima Dove, Yellow-headed Brush Finch, Masked Saltator, Black-billed Toucan, Rufous-crested Tanager and many more.

© Copyright | Pablo Florez-Director and Tour Leader
Phone: (057) 310 497 71 07- 301 422 4197
Medellin | Colombia